Varieties of steppe cherries (photos) and reviews about them. Landing and care


Contents ✓

  • ✓ AMAZING STEPPE CHERRY TRANSFORMATIONS
  • ✓ CHERRY STEPPE – BIOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION
  • ✓ WHAT THE STEPPE CHERRY LOVES AND DOES NOT DO – LANDING AND CARE
  • ✓ FERTILIZERS.
  • ✓ WATER.
  • ✓ CREATING CHERRY STEPPE.
  • ✓ THE BEST VARIETIES OF STEPPE CHERRY – DESCRIPTION AND MY CERTIFICATES
  • ✓ CHERRY STEPPE – VIDEO

GROWING CHERRY CHERRY – OVERVIEWS OF VARIETIES AND THEIR DESCRIPTION (MOSCOW REGION)

THE AMAZING STEPPE CHERRY TRANSFORMATIONS

Most gardeners believe that ordinary cherry is an independent stone fruit culture. However, it is not so!

Plain cherries – a hybrid that was obtained as a result of accidental pollination of steppe cherries and wild cherries about 20 centuries ago. Therefore, in nature, there are no natural blackberry thickets.

And if there are similar plantings somewhere, then they are abandoned, degenerate gardens of once cultural plantings. But the steppe cherry, which we will discuss today, grows in nature.


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CHERRY STEPPE – BIOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION

In vivo, it has spread widely throughout the Northern Hemisphere. It can be found on the territory of the countries of Central Europe, in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, in the central part of China. Its natural plantings are also widely represented on the territory of our country: in Altai, in the southern Urals, in southern and western Siberia, in the Far East.

Steppe cherries in wild thickets are low (up to 2 m) shrubs. Its branches are long, very flexible. The leaves are small, dark green, shiny, elongated.

Steppe cherries have enormous frost resistance (some species withstand frosts up to 48 °). In addition, they are very rarely affected by such terrible fungal diseases as cocomycosis and moniliosis. Therefore, in the northern regions of our country, this culture may become indispensable to replenish the vitamin and berry deficiency experienced by the local population.

The technical characteristics of its fruits are somewhat depressing – slight, sour, which means they are not very tasty when fresh. But this is true for wild species. Over the past 30 years, many different research institutions and experimental stations in different parts of our country have created more than two dozen varieties of steppe cherries, obtained from crosses with the best modern varieties of common cherry and its derivatives, princes.


See also: Cultivation of cherries in the Moscow region – planting, varieties and care


They are sold as varieties of steppe cherries and have a very high taste and technical characteristics. On my site, I tested many of them, and today I want to talk about the best I would recommend to amateurs for planting in the garden.

steppe cherries

WHAT LOVES AND WHAT DOESN’T DO CHERRY STEPPE – LANDING AND CARE

The agricultural technology of steppe cherries is not much different from the cultivation of sweet cherries. It also requires lighting during the day.

Pay attention to the composition of the soil. If regular cherries can grow slightly acidic, then steppe cherries need neutral or slightly alkaline.

It cannot stand the close presence of groundwater (the plant is a steppe and the soil is dry there).

The land should be fertile and consist of the top fertile layer, rotten manure, sand and soil in equal amounts.

Planting pits are dug at a distance of 2-2.5 m from each other, with a diameter and depth of 50 cm.A drainage with a layer of 10 cm should be laid at the bottom of each pit. For this, limestone crushed stone is best suited, which can now be ordered in almost any region. Add 2 tbsp to each pit. spoons of double superphosphate, 1.5 tbsp. tablespoons of potassium sulfate, 1 cup of dolomite flour or crushed chalk (preferably a second) and 1/3 of a bucket of wood ash. While planting, I pour another jar of egg shell flour into each pit that I collect in winter.

All stone plants, especially those that have started to bear fruit, need to receive calcium 2 times in summer to form seeds in the fruit. If this is not enough, the fruits will not be tied and will fall off. Calcium can be given in the form of an egg shell, ground into flour, or a solution of calcium chloride (4 tablespoons. Tablespoons per 1 bucket of water under one plant).

One more thing: on acidic soils, add dolomite flour or chalk (2 kg per 6 square meters) every fall to neutralize the acid in the soil.

FERTILIZERS.

They are brought under the steppe cherries three times a summer. The first time is in spring, right after the snow has melted. For this purpose, urea solution is best suited (2 tablespoons. Tablespoons per 1 bucket of water under one plant). The second time the plants are fed with slurry (1:10 ratio) during the flowering period. For the third time, steppe cherries are fertilized in the fall with a certain ready-made mineral complex for the autumn feeding of fruit trees according to the recommendations given on the package.

WATER.

Steppe cherry is a fairly drought-resistant plant, so it should be watered depending on the weather. The main thing is that the soil in the root layer is always wet. Don’t overdo it! Excessive watering can lead to plant death.

steppe cherries

CREATING CHERRY STEPPE.

Most modern varieties of steppe cherries practically do not form basal shoots, so you do not have to fight it. Caring for bushes is limited to sanitary pruning and removal of old and thickened branches.

It is not necessary to give the bushes any form. It is a fruit plant, and the more berries it brings, the better!

I recommend to all gardeners to plant at least 3 steppe bushes. This is especially true for those whose plots are in a risky agricultural area..

With good care, steppe cherries will produce high yields of delicious sweet berries every year, unlike regular cherries!

And one more tip: buy planting material only from large, trusted companies, preferably after presenting a certificate of quality. And in the market by the road, they will most likely offer you wild steppe cherries, which will only suit the jam (and even that is not very tasty).

THE BEST VARIETIES OF STEPPE CHERRY – DESCRIPTION AND MY CERTIFICATES

Sumptuous.

This is one of my favorite steppe cherries. It is not too early – it matures by the end of August.

The berries are quite large (weighing up to 5 g), dark cherry, sweet, very juicy, with a characteristic cherry flavor. The variety is fully self-fertilized, therefore its yield is good and it pollinates other varieties perfectly. Generous – quite a branchy shrub, slightly more than 2 m high. It bears fruit this year’s growth. It blooms in May.

The flowers are white, gathered in small inflorescences. Fruiting begins in the 3rd year. The bush is very durable, it can grow in one place for more than 30 years. Requires thinning and removal of basal shoots. The variety has increased frost resistance and resistance to stunning jams and mushroom preserves.

The bushes practically do not form basic shoots, so they are easy to care for. Maksimovskaya has increased frost resistance (up to minus 30 °) and high resistance to fungal diseases. The variety is self-fertilized and very productive. Fruit every year. Stable crops begin to bear in the third year.

Steppe Cherry Gnome (prunus cerasus gnomish) 🌿 Cherry Gnome review: how to plant gnome cherry seedlings


See also: Cherry in the garden – varieties, planting and care


BOLOTOWSKA.

Compact spherical bush less than 2 m high. One of the best self-fertilized varieties of early pollination. Harvest ripens in the second half of August. The berries are large (up to 4.8 g), sweet, juicy, fragrant, with a thick skin, which allows them to stay on the tree for a long time. The variety is very productive. It starts bearing fruit in the 3rd year. It has increased frost and drought resistance.

steppe cherries

Zmeinogorsk.

A tall, spreading bush (up to 2 m high) with a wide crown (up to 2.2 m in diameter). The fruits ripen in mid-July. The berries are large (up to 5 g), very tasty, sweet, juicy, with a delicate cherry flavor. Good for fresh consumption. Partially fertile variety. The best pollinator for him is Maksimovskaya. The yield is high and regular. Fruiting begins in the 3rd year. The variety has increased frost and drought resistance. Best grade for jam.

SELIVERSTOVSKAYA.

In my opinion, this is the best early cherry variety from the Altai steppe collection. It is a multi-stemmed bush with a powerful spherical crown up to 1.8 m high. The berries are very large, dark cherry, sweet with a slight

sour and characteristic cherry aroma. The flesh is dark, dense and very juicy. The yield is high in the presence of an additional pollinator (Maksimovskaya), since this variety is only partially self-fertilized. It is characterized by increased frost resistance and practically does not suffer from coccicosis and moniliosis.


See also: Cherry in Siberia – expert opinions of the best varieties


CHERRY STEPPE – VIDEO

Steppe cherry in your garden

© Author: O. IVANOVA, gardener-experimenter Moscow region

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